Why does Kenya have a plethora of election laws that it expertly drafts, and then enthusiastically ignores? And why do some other countries have hardly anything on paper, but their practice is far above and beyond?
When vote buying is successful, it works mostly because it is a signaling mechanism and not really because of the cold, hard monetary value of the bribe
Africans trust agencies of the executive branch (the presidency, army, and police) even more than the legislative branch (MPs and local councils). And they distrust electoral institutions most of all – so why have elections?
The data shows that although Kenyans downplay ethnicity when portraying themselves, ‘other’ Kenyans are the ones who are tribal. The result is that people tend to vote defensively in ethnic blocs.