The 2015 Thabo Mbeki report notes that up to US$50 billion is lost through illicit flows out of the continent every year.
The moment migrants arrive at Agadez bus station in Niger, they become part of a vibrant smuggling economy. The whole journey to Europe could cost $3000-$5000
While there is an increasing and diverse opposition to President Salva Kiir, these groups lack a shared agenda and common approach. There is no group that promises a unified future for South Sudan.
Syria isn’t the only place where use of chemical weapons has been reported – Sudan was suspected of using them in Darfur last year. Recent data shows explosive violence has been escalating in Somalia, but dropping in Nigeria
Court costs and long delays are an important deterrent for both groups, but these weigh much more on the minds of wealthier respondents than among the poorest; the latter are also likely to say they fear being treated unfairly